How are governments changing for digital transformation?

The challenges for governments are not small. Societal developments are forcing a new approach. Think of climate change, urbanisation (smart cities), energy transition and the increasing demand for transparency and participation. Add to this new laws such as the AI Act. Legal Beetle keeps the overview.

Governments such as ministries, implementing organisations, water boards and municipalities. They can benefit from emerging technologies, such as AI systems, Internet-of-Things (IoT), robotisation, big data analytics, drones and digital twins. Joost turns these abstract terms into concrete policies.

Food for thought

Ethical AI systems

Governmental AI systems must be “ethical”. But what does that mean? Because algorithmic systems discriminate, prohibited discrimination lurks. And what about other fundamental rights. Freedom of speech, for instance, or human dignity. Ethical AI systems require a thoughtful, multidisciplinary, approach.

Data-driven governance

Using data can be very useful to increase the effectiveness of government work. Municipalities have been doing this for a number of years. For example, in pilots, living labs or AI sandboxes. Whether or not as part of the smart city. All kinds of laws apply then. Not only the GDPR, but also open data legislation for instance.

Digital transformation

Governments are increasingly working digitally. Think of digital documents in archives, use of digital signatures or identification processes. This requires sound information and data management that is legally sound.

Citizen-centric design

Digital services should be citizen-centric, also known as human-centred design. For example, when developing digital tools. Today, the GDPR is just one relevant law when designing such tools. How does your government agency comply with the laws and regulations?

Joost Gerritsen - AI, Data & Privacy Lawyer at Legal Beetle

“Artificial Intelligence is a means, responsible governance the end” — Joost

My publications

Joost regularly publishes on how governments can responsibly
can deal responsibly with new technology
such as deep fakes, biometric applications and smart cities.

He also gives presentations to ministries, implementing organisations, water authorities and municipalities.


European Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament (2021)

Tackling deepfakes in European policy



Beleid en Maatschappij (2020)

Better protected against biometry



Rathenau Institute (2020)

Feet on the ground – Data-driven innovation in the city



Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (2017)

Human rights in the robot age – Challenges arising from the use of robotics, artificial intelligence, and virtual and augmented reality



Joost advises the government at central and decentralised levels. The common thread: how can we handle data and technology responsibly?


Member of ethics committee

With his experience and a well-developed ethical compass, Joost is perfect for your committee overseeing your AI systems or organisation. Think ethics committees, advisory committees or oversight committees. Also nice: Joost is pleasant to deal with, polite and does his work from a cooperative attitude.


Legal-strategic policy

Drawing on his years of experience, Joost is happy to help you get the bigger picture. How does your organisation or constituency stay future-proof, amid chatbots, AI and robotics? Data altruism, open data, FAIR principles. What is your data vision?


Human Rights Impact Assessments (HRIA)

Sometimes an AI system or algorithm not only impacts someone’s personal data. But other human rights are also at stake, such as non-discrimination and freedom of expression. Joost fills in the legal side of assessments such as HRIA, IAMA and FRAIA.


Data agreements and covenants

Good contracts are the basis of good collaborations. For example, for data cooperatives, research institutes or other data-intensive organisations. Joost arranges the legal foundation.


Mapping legislation

The number of laws for the digital domain runs into the dozens. There is also a lot coming. Don’t be surprised and Joost will find out for you what the laws mean for your organisation. Think of the Data Act, AI Act, Data Governance Act or the Open Data Directive.

Responsible digital governance is something we do together

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